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Adverbs and Their Function

Adverbs and Their Function

Adverbs play a vital role in every language.

Adverbs are words which describe or modify other verbs(The thief ran quickly).Adverbs also modify adjectives (The really dumb thief looked right into the security camera). Adverbs may also modify other adverbs (The police very easily arrested the dumb thief). Adverbs will often indicate frequency:  often, never, always, usually.  Adverbs can generally be identified by their:

1) Function (how, when, where)
2) Form
3) Position
1.  Function
an adverb modifies other verbs(verbs are in bold/adverbs are in italics)
·The thief acts stupidly. (answers the question:how?)
·The thief never shoots, because he has no gun.(answers the question: when?)
·The thief robs locally. (answers the question:where?)
-an adverb modifies other adjectives (adjectives are in bold/adverbs are in italics)
·       The thief is extremely stupid.
·       This very dumb thief is now in jail.
-an adverb modifies other adverbs (adverbs in italics)
·The thief walks incredibly clumsily.
·The thief acts really stupidly.
Adverbs also have other functions.You may see them modify a prepositional phrase:
·The thief was arrested just outside the apartment.

You may find an adverb modifying an entire sentence: 
·Certainly,the thief chose the wrong profession.
2.  Form

-Many adverbs are recognized by form. Many are formed from adjectives by adding 'ly:
·slowly,carefully, likely, eagerly
-But don't be fooled. Not all words ending in 'ly' are adverbs:
·friendly, ugly, homely
-Some adverbs are not easily recognized by form:
· very,well, often, never
3.  Position
-You will find adverbs occupying multiple positions within a sentence:
·Now,get in the police car. (front)
·The thief was immediately arrested. (before the verb)
·The thief sat nervously after being arrested. (after the verb)
·After the botched robbery, the thief decided to give up crime completely. (end)

Adjective or adverb – Exercise

He   reads a book. (quick)
Mandy is a   girl. (pretty)
The class is   loud today. (terrible)
Max is a   singer. (good)
You can   open this tin. (easy)
It's a   day today. (terrible)
She sings the song  . (good)
He is a   driver. (careful)
He drives the car  . (careful) The dog barks . (loud)

The bus driver was   injured. (serious)
Kevin is   clever. (extreme)
This hamburger tastes  . (awful)
Be   with this glass of milk. It's hot. (careful)
Robin looks  . What's the matter with him? (sad)
Jack is   upset about losing his keys. (terrible)
This steak smells  . (good)
Our basketball team played   last Friday. (bad)
Don't speak so  . I can't understand you. (fast)
Maria   opened her present. (slow)


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